Madre Selva field station, Loreto Province, Peru. January 11, 2011.
Rhinella marina are large, hefty toads with parotoid glands larger than many kinds of frogs. I was happy to see my first marina in its native habitat – this species has been introduced to Australia (where they are called ‘Cane Toads’) and other many other countries, where they wreak considerable damage to ecosystems. It’s worth noting that Rhinella marina was split into two species (Rhinella horribilis the other) based on morphological analysis and nuclear DNA. Rhinella marina occurs in South America east of the Andes throughout Amazonian and Guianan South America. For more see: Acevedo-Rincón, Lampo, and Cipriani, 2016, Zootaxa, 4103: 584.
Peru 2011 Flickr album is here.
HerpMapper records for this species are here.